Mushroom foraging culture - risk of overharvesting?
I've understood that there is a rich culture of mushroom picking in much of Eastern Europe. While this may be a way to sustainably source food (no additional carbon, agricultural inputs, transport etc) I wonder whether there may also be a risk of overharvesting. There are several places across the world where concerns are expressed and policies created to manage any overharvesting risks. In Italy, for example, collection permits are needed, while in Oregon there is a limit of a gallon of mushrooms a day. There may also be certain limitations on harvesting particular endangered species. Studies in this area are far and few between (fungi conservation lagging far behind animal and plant conservation) and have contrasting outcomes.
Does anyone know if:
- Overharvesting is of concern in any Eastern European countries?
- Policies are in place to limit mushroom picking?
Perhaps you'd like to share what your opinion on harvesting from forests. More sustainable or less? Or if you know anything else on the culture of mushroom picking, do share!