How to achieve the SDGs within planetary boundaries
The report “Transformation is feasible - How to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals within Planetary Boundaries”, produced by the Stockholm Resilience Centre, identifies five measures to reach the most Sustainable Development Goals within the planetary boundaries.
The five measures are:
- Accelerated renewable energy growth sufficient to halve carbon emissions every decade
- Accelerated productivity in sustainable food chains
- New development models in poor countries
- Unprecedented inequality reduction, and
- Investment in education for all, gender equality, health, family planning.
The report’s scenario for accelerated productivity in food chains includes reducing food waste, reducing overuse of fertilisers and pesticides, a shift towards more plant-rich diets, more direct links between producers and consumers, sensors for monitoring and management of crops and shops, better water management, and biogas and composting to avoid landfill and surface run-off.
While some of the food system challenges facing humanity are local, in an interconnected world, adopting a global perspective is essential. Many environmental issues, such as climate change, need supranational commitments and action to be addressed effectively. Due to ever increasing global trade flows, prices of commodities are connected through space; a drought in Romania may thus increase the price of wheat in Zimbabwe.
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