Knowledge for better food systems

Nepal to generate electricity from waste

Due to Nepal’s large energy deficit where supply shortfalls and interrupted power affect both household and the national industry, the country is now looking for energy alternatives such as using its growing urban and industrial waste.

The waste-to-energy (WtE) technologies were presented last month at the 'Waste-to-Energy Bazaar 2013' initiative launched by the government’s Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC). Among the award-winning proposals three were for biologically or thermally converting biomass into gas that can fuel generators.

Municipal solid waste is being seen as a major source of biogas. Some of the biomass sources identified by the proposals include human faeces, cattle manure, chicken litter, agricultural waste and organic municipal solid waste (MSW).

Earlier the focus of renewable energy in Nepal has been on rural energy projects that have resulted in over 250,000 small biogas plants coming up across rural areas in the country. With the new initiatives focusing on urban and industrial waste the energy strategy is amplified by the added urban dimension.

For more information on the waste-to-energy projects and alternative energy in Nepal, you can visit the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) website here.

For an article on the SciDev.net on these initiatives click here.

For more reports and articles on this topic please visit the FCRN Research Library pages on Waste and resource use.

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