Showing results for: Middle-east
The Middle-East is a transcontinental region centered on Egypt and Western Asia. Its economies range from the very poor (such as Gaza and Yemen) to the extremely wealthy (such as oil-supported Qatar and United Arab Emirates). Most of the region has a hot, dry climate. Early settled agriculture originated in the Middle-East: it is the centre of origin and diversity of several major cereal and legume crops, and is the site of sheep and goat domestication. Large rivers provide irrigation to support agriculture in certain areas such as the Nile Delta in Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates watersheds of Mesopotamia.
Israeli startup Taranis has raised $20 million in funding for its aerial imaging technology, which uses multispectral images from satellites, planes and drones to scan fields. Artificial intelligence then identifies threats such as insects, crop disease, weeds and nutrient deficiencies. The company claims its technology can increase crop yields by up to 7.5%.
An Israeli startup has raised $3 million to create a mechanical system for pollinating plants, as an alternative to relying on bees. Wild bee numbers are declining, while bees used by farmers can suffer from Colony Collapse Disorder. Edete Precision Technologies for Agriculture hopes to build two separate systems: one to collect and store pollen, and another to autonomously apply the pollen to plants.
Creating realistic 3D structure for laboratory-grown meat has been a technical challenge, partly because of the difficulty in getting oxygen to the cells in the middle of a piece of cultured tissue. However, Israeli startup Aleph Farms says it may have the solution.
This book contains six chapters on food security and sustainability in the Middle East. The book can be purchased in its entirety or by chapter online.
The Mediterranean diet is seeing a shift away from traditional diets, threatening health and the environment, say the FAO and the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM) in a new report.