Science breakthroughs for food and agricultural research
This report from the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine identifies emerging scientific advances that could help to make the US food system more resilient to rapid changes and extreme conditions, as well as making agriculture more efficient and sustainable.
Some of the areas discussed by the report are:
- A systems approach for understanding interactions between different elements of the food system and identifying leverage points for action.
- Sensors for rapidly monitoring conditions in food production and processing.
- Data science for better analysis of the food system.
- Gene editing for improving crop traits.
- Understanding the microbiome to improve productivity.
Download the full report, Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030, here. See also the Foodsource resource How far could changes in production practices reduce GHG emissions?
While some of the food system challenges facing humanity are local, in an interconnected world, adopting a global perspective is essential. Many environmental issues, such as climate change, need supranational commitments and action to be addressed effectively. Due to ever increasing global trade flows, prices of commodities are connected through space; a drought in Romania may thus increase the price of wheat in Zimbabwe.