The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, 2019
The FAO’s 2019 edition of its “The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World” report finds that the number of hungry people is increasing, with around 820 million people worldwide experiencing undernourishment. This year’s report also finds that around 2 billion people experience either severe or moderate food insecurity, with the phenomenon found in low, middle and high income countries.
The report also examines the role of economic trends in relation to food security. It finds that, between 2011 and 2017, 65 of the 77 countries that experienced a rise in undernourishment simultaneously experienced an economic slowdown (reduced growth) or downturn (shrinking of the economy).
Read more here and download the full report, The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019: Safeguarding against economic slowdowns and downturns, here (PDF link). See also the Foodsource building block What is malnutrition?
While some of the food system challenges facing humanity are local, in an interconnected world, adopting a global perspective is essential. Many environmental issues, such as climate change, need supranational commitments and action to be addressed effectively. Due to ever increasing global trade flows, prices of commodities are connected through space; a drought in Romania may thus increase the price of wheat in Zimbabwe.