“True” costs for food system reform
Read the full report, “True” costs for food system reform: an overview of true cost accounting literature and initiatives, here or here (PDF link). See also the Foodsource building block What is feed-food competition?, which discusses the economic concepts of negative and positive externalities.
North America is the northern subcontinent of the Americas covering about 16.5% of the Earth's land area. This large continent has a range of climates spanning Greenland’s permanent ice sheet and the dry deserts of Arizona. Both Canada and the USA are major food producers and some of the largest food exporters in the world. Industrial farms are the norm in North America, with high yields relative to other regions and only 2% of the population involved in agriculture.