In Fodder this week: we feature two papers that examine the climate impacts of the US food system: Boehm et al. calculate food-related carbon footprints at the household levels and explore demographic factors, while Heller et al. look at individual food-related carbon footprints and find that 20% of diets are responsible for 46% of food emissions.
In Fodder this week: rice could become less nutritious as the climate changes, a new report ranks major meat and fish companies by their sustainability policies, Bayer and Monsanto merge, artificial glaciers are providing irrigation, more research is needed into food processing and logistics in developing regions, and a report calls for an overhaul in how we measure the performance of food and agricultural systems.
This week, we feature research from FCRN members Seth Cook, who reports on the impacts of declining agricultural biodiversity, and Afton Halloran, who has edited a book on how edible insects are used in food systems around the world. We also include a summary of a workshop on policy for sustainable healthy diets that the FCRN took part in.
This week, we have two research items from FCRN members. Roger Leakey of the International Tree Foundation explores the possibility of using trees and indigenous cash crops to improve food security in Africa, while Elinor Hallström of the Research Institute of Sweden reviews how dietary quality scores are combined with environmental sustainability assessments of food.
In Fodder this week, research shows that customers might not notice sustainability claims on food packaging, while a paper questions the narratives around sustainable palm oil. A modelling paper discusses the possibilities for reconciling food supply, biodiversity conservation and carbon storage through higher agricultural productivity and optimisation of land use. Meanwhile, reducing marine eutrophication could require changes in diets and farming practices, according to a study. The WHO wants to take trans fats out of the food chain to protect health, and the UK House of Lords reports that food security could be endangered if the UK does not reach a suitable trade deal with the EU.
FCRN member Gary Bentrup has written a report on how agroforestry can contribute to agricultural resilience in the US, and FCRN member Hanna Tuomisto is advertising PhD studentships on the topic of future sustainable food systems.
As US chain restaurants have to bring in calorie labelling and London plans to ban junk food advertising on public transport, a paper finds that taxing sweet snacks could be more effective than taxing sugar-sweetened beverages. A startup believes it might have the answer to growing realistic meat in the laboratory. A report shows that most US supermarkets don’t report their food waste, while a paper discusses the market-distorting effects of mergers and monopoly power in the food sector.
Food waste features heavily in this week’s FCRN member’s research. Stephen Porter calculates the emissions associated with food destroyed after being withdrawn from the EU market; Ramy Salemdeeb calculates the environmental impacts of three food waste treatment options; and Karen Luyckx of food waste charity Feedback finds that experts believe that treated food leftovers can be safely fed to pigs.
This week, a paper finds that many national dietary guidelines are incompatible with the 1.5°C and 2.0°C climate targets, while tropical forest fragmentation may be reaching a critical point. A study examines the winners and losers of land use optimisation strategies to balance both food production and biodiversity. As WRAP finds that hotels can save money by reducing food waste, a study discusses the trade-offs between food waste and biodegradable packaging.
In Fodder this week, we cover research on the attitudes of US consumers towards meat reduction as well as a paper which examines attitudes of consumers towards alternatives to conventional burgers. As a paper finds that half of Bornean orangutans have disappeared in just 16 years, another study shows that there is potential to increase cropping intensity without expanding the area of global cropland. Researchers have also estimated that ambitious climate mitigation measures could remove the need to use bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). We also have three reports that look at the meat industry.
This week we have a shorter version of Fodder - just jobs and opportunities - while we work on a new format in response to the feedback you gave us from our reader survey. Our new approach to Fodder, complete with research summaries, will start next week.