Do cashless restaurants and stores exclude people?
Some businesses no longer accept cash and instead prefer card or other digital payments. This piece in The Spoon explores the ways in which cashless businesses might exclude some people, following legislation in New York City that could, if passed, force restaurants, coffee shops and stores to accept cash.
While many stores now only accept card or other digital payments on the basis of better employee safety, convenience for customers and easier accounting, this piece points out that some people are unable to get a credit or debit card due to poverty or lack of a permanent address. Cashless businesses might particularly exclude some lower-income people of colour, according to Ritchie J. Torres, who introduced the legislation.
North America is the northern subcontinent of the Americas covering about 16.5% of the Earth's land area. This large continent has a range of climates spanning Greenland’s permanent ice sheet and the dry deserts of Arizona. Both Canada and the USA are major food producers and some of the largest food exporters in the world. Industrial farms are the norm in North America, with high yields relative to other regions and only 2% of the population involved in agriculture.