Knowledge for better food systems

Exploring triple-win solutions for living, moving and consuming that encourage behavioural change, protect the environment, promote health and health equity

This is a baseline report by research consortium INHERIT funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme. The INHERIT project aims to identify effective inter-sectoral policies, interventions and innovations that enable a ‘triple win’ by reducing environmental impacts, improving health and wellbeing, and generating greater health equity.

The report provides a review of the  links between behaviour, environmental sustainability, health and health equity for three areas: living (green space, housing), moving (active transport) and consuming (food). The policies, innovations and practices identified as potential ‘triple wins’ will then be further evaluated in the remainder of the project to identify the success factors and barriers, the costs and benefits for the environment, health and health inequalities. The report places emphasis on the need for behavioural change, noting that lifestyle choices and behaviours result from a complex interaction of factors acting at the level of society.

The report presents a conceptual and analytical framework that has been developed to guide INHERIT’s work (see image below). 


You can find the report here.

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Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering just over 10 million square kilometres or 6.8% of the global land area, but it is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of around 740 million people or about 11% of the world's population. Its climate is heavily affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent. In the European Union, farmers represent only 4.7% of the working population, yet manage nearly half of its land area.

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