Knowledge for better food systems

Indonesia’s triple burden of malnutrition

This report from Sustainable Diets for All (a programme by Hivos and the International Institute for Environment and Development) documents a food diaries project in East Java that aimed to address the triple burden of malnutrition: co-existing undernutrition, overweight and micronutrient deficiencies.

The project found that 4 in 10 children studied do not have a diverse diet and are therefore at higher risk of nutritional deficiency, and that ultra-processed foods, sweets and monosodium glutamate are widely consumed. The researchers recommend that under-nutrition, overweight and obesity, and micronutrient deficiency should be treated holistically rather than as separate issues.

Read the full report, Indonesia’s triple burden of malnutrition: A call for urgent policy change, here. See also the Foodsource building block What is malnutrition?

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Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent. It hosts many densely populated and large cities as well as enormous barely populated regions, which all together host over half of the human population. Agriculture as a source of income is of major importance in the region. In most Asian countries, agriculture is the biggest user of water and in some regions can be responsible for to 90% of total water consumption through irrigation.

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