Showing results for: Agricultural innovation
This paper argues that a focus on increasing production in line with dominant projections of increased demand, through intensification of current industrial agricultural practices, will cause environmental damage and increase food insecurity.
This paper looks at four different conceptual frameworks that tend to be used by diverse stakeholders when analysing the problem of food security and suggesting solutions: agroecology, agricultural innovation systems, social-ecological systems and political ecology. In this paper the authors look at how each perspective or framework thinks about the food security problem, the theoretical positions underpinning each framework, its approach to improving the food security situation and ultimately its vision of what ‘good’ looks like.
In 2013, the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) helped advance climate-smart agriculture in 20 countries around the world, through close collaborations with farmers, civil society, governments and researchers.
We include this initiative because it addresses the challenges of of ‘closing the food loop’. This innovative solar-thermal toilet was developed by a team led by CU-Boulder Professor Karl Linden to improve sanitation and hygiene in developing countries.
A hydroponic farm is being built in a network of tunnels underneath south London. The aim is for these cultivations to supply local restaurants and retailers with fresh herbs and vegetables. The aim of the Growing Underground project is to demonstrate that it is possible to operate a commercial urban farm with a minimal carbon footprint. Hydroponic farming essentially means growing plants in a mineral-rich solution on specially constructed growing platforms under controlled temperature and lighting conditions, making the tunnels a perfect location.
Food Security in a World of Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies examines the role of agricultural practices and technologies in helping farmers improve the sustainability of maize, rice, and wheat production. We have previously highlighted an earlier IFPRI policy brief in this newsletter on the same topic.
A recent study from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research finds that the UK is failing to make the most of its abundant biomass potential. The researchers found that almost half, up to 44%, of the UK's energy could be produced within the country by using biomass sources, including household waste, agricultural residues and home-grown biofuels. The UK currently produces about half of the food it consumes, and is ~60% ‘self-sufficient’. Although complete food self-sufficiency is not the current goal, the researchers stress that improved food system adaptive capacity is important if the UK is to cope with future stresses in the food system.
On January 22nd USAID’s online knowledge sharing platform Agrilinks held a seminar on Scaling-up Re-greening Solutions in Africa to Boost Smallholder Yields. It discussed a recently released report by World Resources Institute (WRI) on “Improving Land and Water Management”.
In this blog from Ecoagriculture's Landscapes blog, Rainforest alliance Climate program staff Martin Noponen & Jeffrey Hayward describe their views on the role of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and specifically the Sustainable Agriculture Network standard for addressing landscape-scale challenges arising from climate change.
There is an urgent need to increase agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa in a sustainable and economically-viable manner. Transforming risk-averse smallholders into business-oriented producers that invest in producing surplus food for sale provides a formidable challenge, both from a technological and socio-political perspective.
This app is a greenhouse gas calculator for farming. It is aimed at companies who can use it to collate and manage supply chain emissions and for farmers for use as decision support.
This report, jointly published by WWF and brewing company SABMiller discusses the way we govern water, food and energy resources. Changing consumption patterns and demographic pressures are increasing the risk of resource scarcity and managing these risks and building the resilience of our water, food and energy systems are described as an essential but neglected part of development.
The report One Planet Living – The case for Sustainable Consumption and Production in the Post-2015 development agenda, a collaboration between Beyond 2015, Bond for International Development, and BioRegional, argues that sustainable consumption and production need to be included in the post-2015 development agenda that will succeed the Millennium Development Goals.