Special issue of Science: Diet and health
A special issue of the journal Science includes several review papers on important questions in the connection of diets and health, including dietary fat, gut microbiota, fasting and diets for athletes.
- Dietary fat: From foe to friend? - reviews the optimal proportion of carbohydrate to fat in diets, concluding that no single ratio works best for everyone, that replacing saturated fats with naturally occurring unsaturated fats generally provides health benefits, that replacing processed carbohydrates with unprocessed carbohydrates generally provides health benefits, and that well-formulated low-carbohydrate, high-fat diets do not necessarily require high protein or animal product consumption.
- The gut microbiota at the intersection of diet and human health - finds that the community of microbes found in the human gut is responsible for much of the variation between people as regards disease risk and response to diets.
- A time to fast - finds that periods of fasting can sometimes have “profound health benefits”, and reviews different types of fasting including calorie restriction, intermittent fasting, time-restricted feeding, and fasting-mimicking diets.
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